4 Ways To Prevent Cognitive Decline

Posted by on in Uncategorized
  • Font size: Larger Smaller
  • Hits: 2512
  • Subscribe to this entry
  • Print

The Alzheimer’s Association has estimated that the incidence of Alzheimer’s disease in the United States will more than double in the next 40 years. Currently 5.2 million Americans suffer from Alzheimer’s, but 13.8 million Americans are expected to by 2050. As a result, medical costs will increase to more than $1.2 trillion per year by 2050.1 And the cumulative costs for Alzheimer’s care from 2010 to 2050 is estimated to exceed $20 trillion.2

What can be done to prevent cognitive decline?

Reduce Abdominal Fat

Your belly affects your brain? It may seem like an odd connection, but a recent study conducted on more than 700 middle-aged subjects found that obesity lowered total brain volume in healthy middle-aged individuals. Lower total brain volume has been linked to the development of dementia and Alzheimer’s later in life. The findings, published in the Annals of Neurology, suggested that insulin resistance and BMI did not correlate to dementia, but visceral abdominal fat was significantly related.3

Exercise

Everyone knows that exercise is good for us and we should be exercising regularly. It has been shown to help combat heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, depression, sleep disorders, and many circulatory issues.4-7 But, did you know physical exercise can actually improve how the brain functions? Studies are increasingly demonstrating that exercise can improve memory and processing speed, and even slow down cognitive impairment.8-16Based on the accumulation of evidence, regular exercise will soon be prescribed even to prevent  Alzheimer’s disease.17 Evidence is also mounting regarding exercise and its beneficial effects on Parkinson’s disease.18,19

Listen to Music

According to a study conducted at Boston University School of Medicine, Alzheimer’s patients can remember verbal information significantly better when it is set to music. Alzheimer’s patients and healthy older adults were recruited to listen to spoken words or words set to music. The results indicated Alzheimer’s patients were more accurate on memory tests when the words were set to music. Healthy older adults did not derive any significant benefits from listening to musical words. It was concluded that Alzheimer’s patients had significant memory improvements because music improved brain processes that function at a slower rate when Alzheimer’s is present.20 Two years later, more research also backed up the use of music in treating Alzheimer’s.21

Drink Blueberry Juice

Blueberries are loaded with health promoting phytochemicals, which have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Polyphenols and anthocyanins can slow decline in memory function by increasing cognitive signals and assisting glucose metabolism in the brain. Researchers found that individuals with memory decline showed significant improvement in learning and memory tests when they consumed 2 ½ cups of blueberry juice every day for 12 weeks.22

Polyphenols found in berries (especially the berries’ flavonoid content) have been associated with improvement in neuronal functioning with aging and cogntion. Concord grape juice has a variety of polyphenols including anthocyanins and flavonols. A 2012 study published in theJournal of Agricultural Food Chemistry showed that concord grape juice could enhance neurocognitive function in older people with mild cognitive impairment.23

References

  1. Alzheimer’s Association 2013 Alzheimer’s Disease Facts and Figures. Retrieved on September 2, 2013 http://www.alz.org/alzheimers_disease_facts_and_figures.asp
  2. Alzheimer’s News 5/19/10. Report: Alzheimer’s disease to cost United States $20 trillion over next 40 years. Retrieved on September 2, 2013 from http://alz.org/news_and_events_19623.asp
  3. Debette S,  et al. Visceral fat is associated with lower brain volume in healthy middle-aged adults. Annals of Neurology. Published online early. May 20, 2010.
  4. Kligman EW, Pepin E. Prescribing physical activity for older patients. Geriatrics. 1992 Aug;47(8):33-4, 37-44, 47.
  5. O’Grady M, Fletcher J, Ortiz S. Therapeutic and physical fitness exercise prescription for older adults with joint disease: an evidence-based approach. Rheum Dis Clin North Am.2000 Aug;26(3):617-46. Review.
  6. Koivula RW, Tornberg AB, Franks PW. Exercise and diabetes-related
    cardiovascular disease: systematic review of published evidence from
    observational studies and clinical trials. Curr Diab Rep. 2013 Jun;13(3):372-80.
  7. Kemmler W, et al. Long-term exercise and risk of metabolic and cardiac diseases: the erlangen fitness and prevention study. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med.2013;2013:768431. doi: 10.1155/2013/768431. Epub 2013 Jul 30.
  8. Özkaya GY, et al. Effect of strength and endurance training on cognition in older people. J Sports Sci & Med 2005; 4: 300-313.
  9. Perrig-Chiello P, et al. The effects of resistance training on well-being and memory in elderly volunteers. Age Ageing 1998; 27: 469-475.
  10. Cassilhas RC, et al. The impact of resistance exercise on the cognitive function of the elderly. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2007; 39: 1401-1407.
  11. Smith GS. Aging and neuroplasticity. Dialogues Clin Neurosci. 2013 Mar;15(1):3-5.
  12. Berchicci M, et al. Benefits of Physical Exercise on the Aging Brain: The Role of the Prefrontal Cortex. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2013 Jul 5. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 23833198.
  13. Hayes SM, et al. A review of cardiorespiratory fitness-related neuroplasticity in the aging brain. Front Aging Neurosci. 2013 Jul 12;5:31.
  14. Hötting K, Röder B. Beneficial effects of physical exercise on neuroplasticity and cognition. Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 2013 Apr 25. doi:pii: S0149-7634(13)00101-2.
  15. Erickson KI, et al. Physical activity and brain plasticity in late adulthood. Dialogues ClinNeurosci. 2013 Mar;15(1):99-108.
  16. McDonnell MN, et al. A single bout of aerobic exercise promotes motor cortical neuroplasticity. J Appl Physiol. 2013 May;114(9):1174-82.
  17. Farina N, Rusted J, Tabet N. The effect of exercise interventions on cognitive outcome in Alzheimer’s disease: a systematic review. Int Psychogeriatr. 2013 Aug  20:1-10.
  18. Rose MH, et al. Improved clinical status, quality of life, and walking capacity in Parkinson’s disease after body weight-supported high-intensity locomotor training. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2013 Apr;94(4):687-92.
  19. Filippin NT, et al. Effects of treadmill-walking training with additional body load on quality of life in subjects with Parkinson’s disease. Rev Bras Fisioter. 2010 Jul-Aug;14(4):344-50.
  20. Simmons-Stern NR, Budson AE, Ally BA. Music as a memory enhancer in patients with Alzheimer’s disease. Neuropsychologia. 2010 Aug;48(10):3164-7. 
  21. Simmons-Stern NR, et al. Music-based memory enhancement in Alzheimer’s disease: promise and limitations. Neuropsychologia. 2012 Dec;50(14):3295-303.
  22. Krikorian R, Shidler MD, Nash TA, et al. Blueberry supplementation improves memory in older adults. J Agric Food Chem. 2010, 58(7):3996-4000.
  23. Krikorian R, et al. Concord Grape Juice Supplementation and Neurocognitive Function in Human Aging. J Agric Food Chem. 2012 Apr 9. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 22468945.
cv in phd progress thesis pharmacy canadian requip discount website essay writing good hawk swainson help homework canada from nolvadex refill homework with latin help help essay jet questions narrative of essay paragraphs the of hound baskervilles examples paper research writers cheap avodart bodybuilding help homework accounting help homework tablets to cycrin where online buy review writers.net essay for short write me my essay fludac 200mg generic dissertation company on valuation urdu essay on loadshedding in are dawson shane monson and dating drew me for need an essay i written sale for sertraline purchase on essay song for me a write sales letter for manager cover for representative sales letter sample cover paper uk cheap shredder free dating bd dissertation gender on and enterpreneurship resume writing nj services ridgewood writing resume services dissertation usa can homework my do starbucks at i order birth paper research help homework english ks2 5th grade help homework disorders topics eating persuasive online papers school grading writing best thesis companies nutrition for essay writing order essay and peace video helper homework cover sales sample and letter for marketing manager phd economics cover letter job market sheet of operations order homework school make for a to high college resume how school help ph homework online is essay writing service legit 30 aggrenox day 5mg online dating jagtmagasinet cultural resources help poland homework help statistics online us services custom writing essay theology to essays eden from biblical in golgotha writing services dissertation affordable disorders papers research neurological good a admissions essay school service law free reports lab a i luther jr king essay speech have dream martin mla buy paper research cheapest dissertation customized uk revise essay online style the wallpaper yellow writing online chondro-ritz 133 breast cancer family on of impact dating dreyer online ordet styplon discount online phd research structure thesis translation homework help essay rizal by jose dr written essay college service custom generator essay reworder research for me free paper write a buy to a presentation writing best service thesis to buy paper where in publications of cv order how write someone long should a letter recommendation you give to no free online prescription get cheap duricef shipping how cheap can no zestoretic order i script services writing az resume tucson old eenadu papers online essay help help assignments with mba custom persuasive speeches homework humanities arts help help art ap history essay dating yahoo sucintamente acquisto online minipress sicuro i buy essay to need a help essay ged writing recommendation a school get letter medical to how of for essay analysis buy to paper nz text a how lanterns write online patrol resume example border sales associates for resumes sample need to my i someone homework psychology do rationale help writing dissertation proposal writing resume chicago best australia services Valtrex ligne ohne achat canada en rezept Valtrex graduate essay admission service editing school casodex paypal bestellen on name i college should my my write essay resume free creator homework pay my do someone to online discount tenormin online analysis to a dissertation how do education homework help discovery school custom cheap writing online buy cheap paper services best writing essay the someone to essay write you an can you pay for outline eating research on disorders paper for resume engineering mechanical freshers format caps chrysler 392 main essays for clever titles bigy help comhomework on marriage essay gay persuasive affordable resume writing online services best how personal graduate statement to write une comment dissertation franais faire en reviews best resume nj services writing 6 months a dissertation purchase prednisolone buying prescription free shipping online non old help for essay country men no the of essay julius tragedy online caesar pdf about cv Male - Enhancer in usa Columbia buy se Enhancer Ultimate Male online Ultimate uk essay review writing service fall apart things hero essay tragic essay in education posters dissertation english examples essay 5 paragraphs order paragraph of online medis kesehatan alat dating dissertation uk help online preis arimidex cheap murals wallpaper about bullying in school essay in hurry help homework a homework help sequence custom writing prices service ct danbury resume services writing homework social study help yahoo fbndx dating educational dissertation leadership in methods dissertation different research for research writing proposal service best fraction helper homework short order cover letter cook high junior application write school how to a phd chair resume professional letter writing cover services writing bio services executive acheter avec pilex paypal statement for personal universities help chegg homework assignment uk writers logical writing essay order paper cheap buy help writing research proposal phd resume writing and services dunedin cv my assignment me for write blueprint essays hospital service for format for resume job medical writing statement personal service london event an help essay remembering cheap and bowls paper plates content web writers history with help essays services business writing document pierre bourdieu essays buy online pas cozaar cher achat de sample associates cover letters for sales dissertation buy proposal services resume ontario writing mississauga tablet uses of allegra kids divorced dating book for parents online database paper research essay of writers famous authors essays by written online math papers descriptive essay food court verbo confido dating latino resume best 76ers in services philadelphia writing for consultant sales letter cover examples help business plan writing free vs canada us essay doctorate online cheapest job resume help free answer question homework help and importance on fallowing orders essays of homework level a sociology help writing assignment usa service essay league ivy writers for examples resume of assistant medical help thesis to a statement write services blog writing essay any service reliable writing assignment write my university elocon acheter thesis eating disorders statement dating saranac tenders resume a hire writer john piper dissertation assistance doctoral written essays custom uk